The area in the south of Manhattan in New York, World Trade Center complex, after the terrorist attacks at the Twin Towers, became the “Ground Zero” for antonomasia. The meaning of the name is “the site of destruction” (a mediated term of the Cold War, an area involved in an atomic explosion).
For nearly 10 years, New York has emerged as an “amputated” city. This was until the rebirth in 2013 with the One World Trade Center, also called Freedom Tower. It was the fourth tallest building in the world. Over the following years, the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation (LMDC) asked for a plan for the reconstruction of the World Trade Center and oversaw the rebuilding process.
For the re-establishment of the area and the new building construction, they elected an architect. The Polish-American architect Daniel Libeskind, won the contest and led to the construction of the skyscraper. At its base there is a historical-museum area and a commemorative outdoor area of the victims of the terror attack.
The National September 11 Memorial & Museum opened on September 11, 2011 and the museum opened in May 2014.
World Trade Center in New York: National September 11 Memorial Museum
Visitors are welcome to explore the Museum by themselves. An average visit lasts about two hours.
The historical exhibition has three parts:
- the Day of 9/11;
- before 9/11;
- after 9/11.
First of all, in this area, they tell the story of what happened on the 11th of September, including the events at the World Trade Center and the Pentagon and the story of Flight 93. The exhibition explores the background leading up to the events and examines their aftermath and continuing implications.
Especially relevant it is the memorial exhibition “In Memoriam” which commemorates the lives of those who died on 2001 and 1993. In addition the Foundation Hall is a huge room of large scale, which houses both the last column and the slurry wall.
World Trade Center in New York: About the Memorial
The memorial honors the lives of those who died in this terror attacks. It occupies eight of the 16 acres at the World Trade Center, and is a memorial to the past and a monument of hope for the future.
The architect Michael Arad and the landscape architect Peter Walker called it “Reflecting Absence”.
Two pools of 4,000 square feet each, with the largest artificial waterfalls in the United States, stands at the footsteps of the Twin Towers. They symbolize the loss of human lives and the physical empty the terrorist attacks left. The sound of water needs to silence the noises of the city, making the site a contemplative shrine.
Surrounding the twin Memorial pools there are nearly 3,000 names of the men, women, and children who died in the attacks. It also remembers the six victims of the attack of the 26th February 1993. They decided to inscribe all their names on bronze parapets.
The names are stencil-cut, allowing visitors to look through the names themselves at the water. They can also leave a flower or some paper impressions inside the carving writing. At night, each letter of the names shines thanks to the lightning.
Furthermore almost 400 trees fill the Memorial Plaza. But we need to mention a special pear tree among all. They called it the “Survivor Tree” because it survived after the terror attack at the World Trade Center. After its recovery and rehabilitation, the tree stands, as a living reminder of rebirth, next to the Memorial.
It is free of charge and open to the public daily from 7:30 a.m. to 9 p.m.
World Trade Center in New York: it is worth a visit!
You must go and visit this memorial and its museum. The experience is very moving and will allow you to understand so many things. Probably not only the memory of the victims of the attacks, but also the great will that the Americans had to rebuild and start a new life.
New York is the city that invented skyscrapers and the major architects have been able to experiment with new creations. The New York skyline is something incredible that you will hardly forget when you come back home. Twin Towers are not there anymore, but America has given us a further wonder that allows to continue to carry its magnificence into our hearts.